Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.
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Costus afer terminal inflorescense – Costus afer x – 11k – jpg www. The animals were weighed every week and the feed and fluid consumption was measured daily. We are currently updating this section. QR Code What’s this? Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.
These activities are a result of their bioactive components, which vostus be exploited in the management of diabetes [ 22 ]. The use of medicinal plants in Nigeria has significantly increased over recent years as it is easily accessible, cheap and the strong belief that herbal remedies are natural and therefore non toxic.
Extraction solvent effect on the antioxidant capacity of different parts of Costus afer.
The plant Costus afer Ker-Gawl Costaceae is among species of stout, perennial and rhizomatous herbs of the genus Costus. Stem sap is applied to treat urethral discharges, venereal diseases, jaundice and to prevent miscarriage. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Costus afer Ker Gawl. The same infusion or a rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints.
Spiral ginger or Ginger Lily Costus afer. Assessment of liver and kidney function is very important in toxicity evaluation of drugs and plant extracts as they are both necessary for the survival of an organism.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
After 72 h, the organs were dehydrated in graded alcohol, cleared in xylene and embedded in paraffin. Subchronic toxicity testing was conducted according to World Health Organization and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development guidelines. Leaf and stem sap is used as eye drops to treat eye infections and as nose drops to cure headache, in frictions or a vapour bath to treat oedema and fever, or applied to treat coetus discharges, venereal diseases, jaundice and to prevent miscarriage.
The kidney of the control group was normal showing numerous renal tubules and interstitial tissues [ Figure 3a ]. Medicinal plants coshus by the Masango people in Gabon. The IC 50 values of the tested extracts were lower for methanol rhizome extract 0. Phytochemical studies revealed the presence of several bioactive compounds including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, glycosides, and phenols which could be responsible for the medicinal properties of C.
View at Google Scholar J. Costus lucanusianus is used in the Ivory Coast for the treatment of impending abortion. Appearance of orange colour indicates the presence of alkaloids.
Chromosome numbers of Costus lucanusianus Costaceae in Nigeria. Generally, in the present study, the different solvent extracts of all parts of C. The methanolic leaf extract showed significant cytotoxicity in the brine shrimp test. For the plant known cotus Ancient Rome as “costus”, see Saussurea costus. A new way to evaluate inhibitors of prostaglandin biosynthesis.
These values are considered as rather very high and may have serious toxicological implications. Table 3 Effect of different doses of Costus afer Ker Gawl leaves renal function tests.
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Five drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid were added to the aqueous extract in a test tube and the change in color was observed; a red color indicated the presence of anthocyanins. As demand for medicinal plants rises, harvest rates also increase.
Cosrus representation of the extraction of each of the parts of Costus afer. The saponin fraction from the rhizomes and the methanolic leaf extract showed significant abortifacient activity in rats.
It is also faer to treat edema and fever. A comparison using a sequential three-solvent extraction process. In spite of various studies conducted on multiple species of C. Thus, plants or compounds with both hypoglycemic and antioxidant properties could be useful antidiabetic agents. The same infusion or csotus rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints.
Costus – Wikipedia
Maas – Peru, Bolivia Costus bicolor J. All extracts showed antioxidant capacity, with hexane extracts exhibiting the best activity. The global prevalence of diabetes is on the rise with at least million individuals suffering from diabetes and a possible double by The same extract showed moderate local anaesthetic afet ].
Effect of repeated administration of sildenafil citrate on selected enzyme activities of liver and kidney of male albino rat.
Cotsus J Pharmacol Toxicol. Ghana Universities Press, Accra, Ghana. Moist localities in forest and forest edges, at elevations up to metres[ ]. The African Costus spp.