ASTM C876-91 PDF

1 This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee G01 on Last previous edition approved in as C–91(), which. ASTM C Test Method for Half-Cell Potentials of Uncoated Reinforcing Steel in Concrete. The ASTM standard C [3] provides general guidelines for the . ASTM C 91() “Standard Test Method for Half-Cell Potentials of.

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Concrete surfaces that are coated or treated with sealers may not provide an acceptable electrical circuit. Selectable grid with metric or imperial units. However, the passive layer does not provide a perfect and permanent barrier in c876-1 environments containing initiators of corrosion primarily aggressive ions like sulphates and chlorides, humidity, carbon dioxide, and oxygen [4].

The concrete cover provides an alkaline environment surrounding the steel, resulting in the qstm of an oxide layer, called a passive film, which protects the steel from corrosion.

A potential field can be measured on the concrete surface by the use of an electrode, known as a half-cell, and a high-impedance voltmeter. Six AA batteries, 1. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. Comments about specific points on the concrete structure can be placed directly in the potential map.

Readings are collected at a predetermined spacings automatically and stored. The basic configuration of the electrical circuit is shown in Fig.

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All specimens were placed in a 3. This ast the result of the interaction between chemical and biological agents [1]. Once the alkaline environment is destroyed, the protective layer of oxide aztm the steel surface is destroyed and corrosion may start.

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Lecture Slides Our Products: In service conditions, the concrete covering the steel bars gives physical and chemical protection to the reinforcement. Degradation of concrete structures by corrosion processes is a serious problem and has major economic implications [3]. Introduction Corrosion is the loss of material and occurs when metals are exposed to the environment.

CiteSeerX — ASTM C , Standard Test Method for Half-Cell Potentials of Uncoated Reinforcing

This enable the inspector to immediately mark on the concrete surface the areas of concern and to later down load the data for printing in a report. Single files can be opened and processed separately. These factors, together with inadequate construction practices in difficult environmental conditions, lead to corrosion of the reinforcing steel. Additives, such as fly ash, microsilica, rice husk ash, and cane sugar bagasse ash, have a size breakdown that allows the reduction of concrete pore size and, consequently, may reduce the corrosion process.

Based on the user defined threshold potentials that represent certain conditions of the structure, up to four characteristic potential intervals can be chosen.

Concrete surface in building interiors and desert environments lose sufficient moisture so that the concrete resistivity becomes so high that special testing techniques not covered in this test method may be required see 5. Data collection and processing of test results comply with major industry standards:.

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Corrosion of reinforced steel has two principal problems that affect the service life of concrete reinforced structures [2].

All graphics can be exported aastm bmp-files into external software for the generation of reports.

Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. This early detection can be a key in preventing an unanticipated structural failure. It is often necessary to use other data such as chloride contents, depth of carbonation, delamination survey findings, rate of corrosion results, and environmental exposure conditions, in addition to corrosion potential measurements, to formulate conclusions concerning corrosion activity of embedded steel and its probable effect on the service life of a structure.

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This statistical presentation is the basis for an efficient interpretation of the half-cell potentials by the corrosion engineer.

Perth Head Office e This email address is being protected from spambots.

Sydney e This email address is being protected from spambots. Carbon dioxide can cause corrosion primarily by reducing the pH of the concrete. The results showed that reinforced concrete containing sugar cane bagasse ash has the lowest corrosion rates in comparison to reinforced concrete without the additive.

Concrete is a porous material and the ingress of water, oxygen, and aggressive ions, such as chlorides, can cause the passive layer on reinforced steel to break down. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.

Corrosion of steel in concrete is an electrochemical process. Firstly, accurate field corrosion potential measurements aid in detecting corrosion in rebars.